Organic Pigments for Paints, Coatings and Inks

Gone are the days, when the performance of organic pigments was not considered up to the level of inorganic pigments. They have now taken over the market once ruled by inorganic pigments.

Are you also searching for the right organic pigment for your formulation?

Explore here, the detailed knowledge on families of organic pigment used in inks, paints, and coatings. Hence, select the ideal product satisfying the requirements of your coating formulation.

Families of Organic Pigments

Organic Pigments for Inks and Coatings Organic pigments are traditionally transparent. However, modern manufacturing techniques are capable of imparting properties not previously associated with the chemical type: it is now possible to produce high opacity organic pigments.

Organic pigments are relatively new. Although, natural dyes have been precipitated on to inorganic bases (known as lakes) and used in artists' colors since the Middle Ages (e.g. madder lake and crimson lake), true organic pigments have only been known since the early years of the twentieth century. They divide in two sub-groups:

  1. One of vegetable Origin, and
  2. Other of animal origin

Most organic pigments show better transparency as dispersion improves, while in the case of the larger particle size inorganic pigments, opacity is improved by good dispersion

Explore the range of organic pigments in detail below, or click on the specific pigment for your formulation:

Organic Red Pigments

There are a lot of red pigments. To select the best pigment for your application, you need to know all the products available in this color and their properties.

Pigment Red 3, 4 & Pigment Orange 5
  • Moderate heat stability  
  • Limited solvent resistance
  • Good chemical resistance and light fastness
Relatively cheap pigments
BON arylamides
Pigment Red 2, 5, 12, 23, 112, 146, 170 & Pigment Orange 38
  • Good chemical stability
  • Limited light fastness and solvent resistance
Toner pigments
Pigment Red 48, 57, 60, 68
  • Excellent heat stability
  • Good solvent resistance
  • Poor alkali and acid resistance
Pigment Red 171, 175, 176, 185, 208
Pigment Violet 32 & Pigment Brown 25
  • High solvent resistance and good heat stability
Relatively economic when compared with other high-quality pigments.
Disazo condensation
Pigment Red 144, 166, 214, 220, 221, 242
Pigment Orange 31 & Pigment Brown 23
  • Excellent heat stability
  • Good solvent resistance
Pigment Red 122, 192, 202, 207, 209 & Pigment Violet 19
  • Excellent solvent resistance, chemical stability and heat stability
  • High light fastness and bright color
Relatively expensive
Pigment Red 123, 149, 178, 179, 190, 224
Pigment Violet 29 & Pigment Black 31, 32
  • Good chemical stability
  • Excellent light fastness, heat stability and solvent resistance
Expensive, because of their good properties
Pigment Red 177
  • Good heat stability and solvent resistance
  • Moderate-good light fastness
  • Bright and strong color
Pigment Red 168
  • Excellent light fastness and solvent resistance
  • Moderate-good Heat Stability
Pigment Red 216, 226 & Pigment Orange 51
  • Good solvent resistance
  • Low-moderate light fastness and gives a dull shade
Diketopyrrolo-pyrrole pigments (DPP)
Pigment Red 254, 255, 264, 270, 272 & Pigment Orange 71, 73
  • Excellent heat stability solvent resistance and weatherability
  • Good opacity and bright color
Often used in combination with other more economic pigments

Organic Blue Pigments

The blue pigment range is dominated by one chemical type - Phthalocyanine. It is considered as the ideal pigment to impart blue color in paints and coatings.

Copper phthalocyanine Pigment Blue 15, 15:1, 15:2, 15:3, 15:4, 15:6, 16
  • Excellent solvent resistance and heat stability
  • High color strength
  • Very good light fastness & weatherability
  • Being one of the cheapest organic pigments on the market they provide very high tinctorial strength
These pigments are relatively transparent and can be used in solid, reduced, and metallic automotive coatings
Indanthrone Pigment Blue 60
  • Excellent chemical stability
  • Excellent solvent resistance, light fastness and weatherability
  • Good flocculation & heat stability
Used in high-performance paints, i.e. automotive OEM finishes, principally in metallic and pale shades

Organic Green Pigments

The green spectrum is dominated by copper phthalocyanine pigments. The common method to reach green is by mixing yellows and blues, the desired brightness and economics being the two main factors determining the best approach.

Inorganic pigments play a comparatively insignificant role.

Phthalocyanine green Pigment Green 7, 36  
  • Excellent solvent resistance, chemical stability, light fastness & weatherability
  • Good heat stability & tinctorial strength

Organic Violet Pigments

Violet paints are not commonly used whereas violet pigments are. They are used to add blue tones to red paints, and red tones to blue paints, without affecting the intensity of the color.

Violet pigments can also be used to turn the yellow tint of titanium dioxide into white. Dioxazine violet is the most used violet pigment in the paint industry.

Dioxazine violet Pigment Violet 23, 37 Excellent heat stability and solvent resistance
Good light fastness
  • Possess a very small particle size which makes them vulnerable to flocculation
  • Can also produce plate out in some powder coating systems

Dioxazine violet pigments are used in a variety of paint systems:

In metallic paints, Pigment Violet 23 is more used because of its transparency and bluer shade.

Organic Orange Pigments

Yellow and Orange pigments can often be difficult to differentiate. Numerous orange pigments can be produced via similar chemistry to inorganic yellow chrome pigments, and arylamide, isoindoline, and isoindoline yellow organic pigments.

Others tend to possess chemistry which is associated with red pigments, ie.

  • Cadmium reds and molybdate
  • Beta-naphthol and BON arylamide pigments

However, the pigments listed below are orange pigments in their own right:

Pyrazolone orange Pigment Orange 13, 34
  • Good solvent resistance and heat stability
  • Low light fastness
  • Bright
  • High tinctorial strength
Mainly used in printing inks.

Pigment Orange 34 can also be used in industrial finishes, especially when produced in its opaque form
Perinone orange Pigment Orange 43
  • Excellent solvent resistance, high heat stability and tinctorial strength
  • Good light fastness
  • Bright shade
  • Expensive to manufacture
Used in tinting systems

Organic Black Pigments

Black pigments are characterized by their origin:

  • Organic blacks
  • Inorganic blacks: iron oxides, graphite
  • Vegetable blacks: peach, charcoal, vine
  • Animal blacks: bones, ivory

Organic or inorganic blacks are the most important groups, as well as carbon black which are the most common black pigment.

Carbon Black Pigment
Black 6, 7, 8
  • Excellent light fastness, chemical and heat stability
  • Good resistance to solvents
  • Limitations include absorption, flocculation, dispersion and viscosity of the paint
  • The rubber industry is the biggest user of carbon blacks by a large margin. In comparison, the paint industry is only a modest user
  • The printing inks industry uses significant quantities
  • Z`Finer particle blacks are used for high-quality finishes such as in automotive paints on account of their higher jetness
  • Medium size blacks are used for intermediate quality paints
  • Coarser pigments are used for decorative paintsa nand tinting purposes
Graphite Pigment
Black 10
  • A soft pigment consisting of inert plate-like particles
  • These lamellar plates form layers in a paint film, which prevents water from penetrating
  • Good reinforcer of other pigments in anti-corrosive paints
  • Confers high spreading rates owing to the slippery nature of the particles
  • Limitation - It has low tinctorial strength and low color intensity
Aniline Black
Black 1
  • Oldest synthetic organic pigment discovered around 1860
  • Has a strong tinting strength and light absorption capability
  • Fastness properties are quite good
  • Low scattering power
  • Produces matt effects (velvety appearance) in paint because of its high binder demand
  • Mostly used in some speciality coatings where very deep blacks are required
  • However, its chromium content limits its application where physiological properties have to be considered
Anthraquinone Black Pigment
Black 20
  • Moderately good light fastness
  • Moderate solvent resistance
  • Used in camouflage paints, as its infrared spectra satisfies various standards

Organic Brown Pigments

Iron oxide is the most important brown pigment, but a few organic pigments are used for specialty applications.

Benzimidazolone Pigment Red 171, 175, 176, 185, 208

Pigment Violet 32

Pigment Brown 25
  • High solvent resistance and good heat stability
  • Excellent Light fastness & weatherability
  • Mainly used in plastics
  • Also used in metallic automotive and vehicle refinishing paints
Disazo condensation Pigment Red 144, 166, 214, 220, 221, 242

Pigment Orange 31

Pigment Brown 23
  • Possess two azo red molecules linked to a diamine by means of carbonamide groups
  • Excellent heat stability and good solvent resistance
  • Color is often bright and ranges from scarlet through bluish red to violet and brown
  • Used in industrial and vehicle refinishing paints and as the basis of tinting systems

Yellow Organic Pigments

A large number of organic and inorganic yellow pigments are available. They differ by their:

  • Brightness of shade Opacity
  • Fastness requirements
  • Physiological properties, and
  • Economic considerations

These properties influence the choice of the pigments depending on the end application. As well as being used in yellow paints, yellow pigments are also used in oranges, greens and browns.

Arylamide Pigment Yellow 1, 3, 65, 73, 74, 75, 97, 111
  • Excellent light fastness and weatherability
  • Moderate tinctorial strength
  • Poor heat stability and solvent resistance
  • Applications limited to water-based and white spirit-based decorative paints
Diarylide CI Pigment Yellow 12,13,14,17,81,83...
  • Good resistance to heat, chemicals and solvents
  • High color strength but poor light fastness
  • Have limited use in paints but are used in the printing ink industry, where they are the basis of the yellow process ink
Benzimidazolone Pigment Yellow 120,151,154,175,181,194

Pigment Orange 36,60,62
  • Excellent light fastness and weatherability
  • Good chemical and solvent resistance and heat stability
  • More expensive than other monoazo pigments
Disazo condensation pigments Pigment Yellow 93, 94, 95, 128, 166
  • Excellent heat stability, chemical and solvent resistance
  • Relatively difficult to manufacture and reasonably expensive
Organic metal complexes Pigment Yellow 129, 153

Pigment Orange 65, 68
  • Have a good solvent resistance due to the introduction of a metal group into the molecule
Isoindolinone Pigment Yellow 109, 110, 173 & Pigment Orange 61
  • Moderate tinctorial strength
  • Good light fastness
  • Excellent solvent resistance, heat and chemical stability
Isoindoline Pigment Yellow 139, 185 & Pigment Orange 69
  • These pigments have good fastness properties and tinctorial strength
  • Do not resist to alkalis
Quinophthalone Pigment Yellow 138
  • Good heat stability and solvent resistance
  • Excellent light fastness
Anthrapyrimidine Pigment Yellow 108
  • Moderately good solvent resistance
  • Light fastness is not ideal as this pigment darkens when exposed to light
  • Expensive due to its complex nature
Flavanthrone Pigment Yellow 24
  • Reddish yellow color and transparent
  • Stronger than anthrapyrimidine
  • Light fastness is excellent for bright shades
  • Durable and has good heat stability

Commercially Available Organic Pigments

Explore all types of organic pigment grades available in market today!

Polymer Application Understand Pigments Used in Paints, Inks and Coatings Polymer Application Get Detailed Information on Inorganic Pigments

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