A-Z Knowledge on Wood-derived Chemicals

R&D Projects for the Valorization of Wood Cellulose

R&D Projects for the Valorization of Lignin from Wood

R&D Projects for the Valorization of Sugars from Wood

R&D Projects for the Valorization of Extractives from Wood

Wood Chemistry Reinventing Polymers for a Greener Future

Biopolymers Derived from Wood Extractives

Bio-based Polymers Derived from Wood-based Lignin

Bio-based Polymers from Wood Sugars

Bio-based Polymers from Wood Cellulose

Barriers to the Development of Wood Biomass-derived Bio-products

Feedstock Related Barriers

Technology Related Barriers

Market Related Barriers

Market Related Barriers

Barriers to Develop Building-blocks for the Manufacture of Bioplastics and specialty chemicals

High Cost of Bio-based Building Blocks The global production of bio-based building blocks (mono-ethylene glycol, mono-propylene glycol, lactic acid, succinic acid …) is expected to grow from 2.6 MMT in 2013 to 5.6 MMT in 2030.

Building blocks are used to produce bio-polymers (polyesters, PLA, polyurethanes, polyamides) and specialty chemicals (biocidal products, bio-lubricants). Bio-based building blocks are currently produced from sugars generated by agricultural feedstock based biorefineries.

The disintegrating wood process to sugars is complex. The cost competitiveness of the resulting wood sugars depends on a successful valorization of all streams (lignin in particular) generated by the sugar pulping process.

Consequently, production costs of bio-based building blocks derived from wood biomass are likely to be higher than their agricultural derived equivalents, because of the high capital and operating costs of wood biomass fractionation processes, many of which are still at an R&D or demonstration level.

Moreover, the low prices of fossil fuels in the last years worsen the situation as they hit the competitiveness of biochemicals products.

Barrier to Develop Bio-based Food and Feed Ingredients

The use of herbal medicines and phytonutrients or nutraceuticals continues to expand rapidly across the world. Many people now resorting to these products for the treatment of various health challenges in different national healthcare settings.

There is a tremendous surge in acceptance and public interest in natural therapies both in developing and developed countries, with plant extracts being available not only in drugstores, but now also in food stores and supermarkets.

However, EU registration of new bio-products, including wood extracts, can be time consuming and expensive. There are important legal restrictions for possible wood feedstock to enter in the bio-based food and feed ingredients value chain. There are wood extracts which need to be granted novel food approval in EU. For example, the magnolia book extract had to be granted novel food approval in EU for use in chewing gum and mints that will allow it to introduce new products with perceived breath-freshening benefits.

Strict Regulations on Food and Feed Items

Moreover, the relevant market is characterized by great heterogeneity. The different legislative requirements in different countries or economic spaces cause practical obstacles in imports/ exports of bio-based food and feed ingredients.

Though the new novel food regulation has recently introduced a faster-centralized authorization procedure where all applications will be submitted directly to the EU Commission instead of to the individual Member States. Applicants are to be aware that in most cases it will still take 2-3 years to access the European market due to supplementary information requests and other regulatory hurdles.

Coatings Ingredients Derived from Natural & Renewable Sources

View a wide range of biobased ingredients available today for paints, coatings and inks, analyze technical data of each product, get technical assistance or request samples.

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